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Rodolphe TÖPFFER - the comics' inventor


Töpffer - Self-portrait

Geneva, Bibliothèque
publique et universitaire

Rodolphe Töpffer (1799-1846) is the pioneer of the bande dessinée of francaise culture.
Since 1827 he realized his original histories en images settling a sequence of cartoons with short handwritten textes. The cartoons are separated by a thin ink line. They are printed in 1833 for the first time and they are collected toghether in 1846 under the title Histoires en estampes.
The names of characters are Monsieur Jabot, Monsieur Crépin, Monsieur Vieux Bois, Monsieur Pencil, Monsieur Cryptogame, Docteur Festus, Histoire d'Albert, Histoire de Mr Trictrac.
With them the swiss artist draws funny satirical pictures of the XIXth century society, according to the great tradition of caricature in England (Hogarth, Rowlandson and Cruikshank) and in France (Grandville).
So the Töpffer's works show a careful theorician study, whose conclusions are contained in an illustrated essay about physiognomic published in 1845.
This is what makes Töpffer the inventor of modern comics.

For further informations:

"Société d'Études Töpffériennes" Foundation
"Pressibus" Study Association

Monsieur Jabot

Monsieur Crépin

Monsieur Vieux Bois

Monsieur Pencil

Histoire d'Albert

Monsieur Cryptogame

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